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Anal wart vs. hemorrhoid – How to know

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoid and anal warts both occur in and around the genitalia and are often confused as they look similar. Only through proper examination by a health expert will they identify it as their causes are entirely different, and so is their treatment method. Hemorrhoids usually form under the skin or inside the rectum, whereas anal warts are small bumps that grow over time and are transmitted via skin-to-skin contact or sexual intercourse. Let’s learn more about anal wart vs. hemorrhoid to differentiate between the two.

When the vein in the lower part of your rectum gets swollen, it tends to cause hemorrhoids. If the walls of these vessels stretch, then it is irritating. They can be very painful, but with the help of some lifestyle changes that include eating more fiber and exercise, they may get better on their own. Whereas in the case of anal warts it is commonly caused by the human papillomavirus virus.

Causes of Hemorrhoids 

Hemorrhoids occur due to the interference of the blood flow in the rectal area. It leads to pooling and enlarges the veins. Factors such as chronic constipation, strain during bowel movements, and longer sitting in the toilet are associated with hemorrhoids. 

Following are some of the causes of hemorrhoids:

  1. Low fiber diet
  2. Straining too hard during bowel movement
  3. Pregnancy
  4. Aging
  5. Obesity
  6. Lifting heavy objects
  7. Anal intercourse

Though there are many causes, the cause of hemorrhoids is often unknown—the chances of an individual suffering from hemorrhoids increase along with their age. The weakening of the tissues that support the veins increases with age, and thus the anus loosens itself.

Hemorrhoids symptoms

Hemorrhoids are common health issues and do not pose any significant health issues as they tend to get better by themselves. Symptoms may vary according to the type of hemorrhoids. However, to ascertain whether you are suffering from hemorrhoids or not following are some of the symptoms that you must be aware of:

  1. Change in bowel habits
  2. Pain, itching, and irritation around your anus
  3. Bleeding in the rectal
  4. Blood in your poo
  5. Lump or swelling near the anus

Hemorrhoids may be classified into internal or external hemorrhoids. In the case of internal hemorrhoids, it occurs inside the rectal, and therefore, it isn’t easy to notice. You don’t usually feel pain even when you are bleeding, nor can you see them. However, in the case of external hemorrhoids, you will experience discomfort as it develops a lump under the skin of the anus. The skin is irritated and starts eroding. 

In some instances, it might form blood clots and you might experience severe pain. When hemorrhoids extend beyond the anus, it tends to collect mucus and tiny particles of stool, further worsening the irritation. Proper knowledge about the hemorrhoids will help prevent a common health issue from becoming a severe health problem. 

Clare Louise

The author Clare Louise